Copyright Wendy and Joachim Volhard


Social Attraction:
Place the puppy in test area. From a few feet away the testor coaxes the pup to her/him by clapping hands
gently and kneeling down.Testor must coax in a direction away from the point where it entered the testing area.  
Degree of social attraction, confidence or dependence.Degree of social attraction, confidence or dependence.  

1. Came readily, tail up, jumped, bit at hands
2. Came readily, tail up, pawed, liked at hands.
3. Came readily, tail up.
4. Came readily, tail down.
5. Came hesitantly, tail down.
6. Did not come at all.  

Stand up and walk away from the pup in a normal manner. Make sure the pup sees you walk away.  Degree of
following attraction. Not following indicates independence.  

1. Followed readily, tail up, got underfoot, bit at feet.
2. Followed readily, tail up, got underfoot.
3. Followed readily, tail up.
4. Followed readily, tail down.
5. Followed hesitantly, tail down.
6. No following, or went away.  

Crouch down and gently roll the pup on his back and hold it with one hand for a full 30 seconds.  Degree of
dominant or submissive tendency. How it accepts stress when socially and/or physically dominated.  

1. Struggled fiercely, flailed, bit.
2. Struggled fiercely, flailed.
3. Settled, struggled, settled with some eye contact.
4. Struggled, then settled.
5. No struggle.
6. No struggle, straining to avoid eye contact.  

Social Dominance:
Let pup stand up and gently stroke him from the head to back while you crouch beside him. Continue stroking
until a recognizable behavior is established.  Degree of acceptance of social dominance pup may try to
dominate by jumping and nipping or it is independent and walks away.  

1. Jumped, pawed, bit growled.
2. Jumped, pawed.
3. Cuddles up to testor and tries to lick face.
4. Squirmed, licked at hands.
5. Rolled over, licked at hands.
6. Went away and stayed away.  

Elevation Dominance:
Bend over and cradle the pup under its belly, fingers interlaced, palms up and elevate just off the ground. Hold it
there for 30 seconds.  Degree of accepting dominance while in position of no control.  

1. Struggled fiercely, bit growled.
2. Struggled fiercely.
3. No struggle, relaxed.
4. Struggled, settled, licked.
5. No struggled, licked at hands.
6. No struggle, froze.  
Puppy Apptitude Test Chart

Mostly 1's:
This dog is extremely dominant and has aggressive tendencies. It is quick to bite and is generally considered not good
with children or the elderly. When combined with a 1 or 2 in touch sensitivity, will be a difficult dog to train. Not a dog for
the in experienced handler; takes a competent trainer to establish leadership.

Mostly 2's:
This dog is dominant and can be provoked to bite. Responds well to firm, consistent, fair handling in an adult household,
and is likely to be a loyal pet once it respects its human leader. Often has bouncy, outgoing temperament: may be too
active for elderly, and too dominant for small children.

Mostly 3's:
This dog accepts human leaders easily. Is best prospect for the average owner, adapts well to new situations and
generally good with children and elderly, although it may be inclined to be active. Makes a good obedience prospect
and usually has a common sense approach to life.

Mostly 4's:
This dog is submissive and will adapt to most households. May be slightly less outgoing and active than a dog scoring
mostly 3's. Gets along well with children in general and trains well.

Mostly 5's:
This dog is extremely submissive and needs special handling to build confidence and bring him out of his shell. Does not
adapt well to change and confusion and needs a very regular, structured environment. Usually safe around children and
bites only when severely stressed. Not a good choice for a beginner since it frightens easily, and takes a long time to
get used to new experiences.

Mostly 6's:
This dog is independent. He is not affectionate and may dislike petting and cuddling. It is difficult to establish a
relationship with him for working or as a pet. Not recommended for children who may force attention on him; he is not a
beginner's dog.
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